Xanthos is located in the Kınık district of Antalya. The ancient city of Xanthos is the oldest and largest cultural and commercial centre of Lycia. The name of the city, which was the capital of Lycia in ancient times, is Arnna in Lycian language. During the Hellenisation period, it was named Xanthos by the Greeks. The rock-cut tombs and pillar-mounted sarcophagi in Xanthos are matchless examples of ancient exequial architecture. Xanthos, the unique centre of human history with the structures built by every civilization settled in the region, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988.

Xanthos letoon

In fact, the history of the ancient city of Xanthos is very interesting. Xanthos lived independently until 545 BC when the Persians invaded and entered their kingdom. With Xanthos army of 4-5 thousand soldier, tried to resist the Persian army consisting of few hundreds of thousands of soldiers. When the xanthosians knew they were going to be defeated, they killed women and children, and then burned the whole city and committed suicide. After the withdrawal of the Persian army, 80 xanthosians (war time they were living in other regions) were returned to their homeland and re-established the city with the refugees. As a result of good relations with Athens, they returned to their old glorious days. Xanthos, who once again gained independence in 167 BC, was the capital of the Lycian Union during this period. However, their independence ended in 42 BC with the occupation of the Romans. The Roman soldiers under Brutus have destroyed the city. The Lycian Acropolis has been demolished and the Xanthos people once again collectively commit suicide not to surrender to Brutus. The city is repaired by the Roman Commander Markus Aurelius, one year after the occupation. The Emperor Marcus Antonius then re-established the city. Xanthos under Roman rule in the 1st century B.C. built arch in the name of Emperor Vespasianus, and many structures that have survived to the present day belongs to this period. 

In 1838, a few relieves, sculptures and artworks from the city of Xanthos, which was re-discovered by British Charles Fellows, were moved to England with special permits. These historical monuments are on display at the London British Museum. Xanthos is a city that has been ruined by fires many times in its history. Whether it’s war or fire, after every disaster Xanthos has risen and risen. The ancient city of Xanthos, famous for its tragic stories, is located on the other side of the Agora, the theatre and the Acropolis behind the theatre. Entrance fee of the ancient city of Xanthos is 5 TL. The ancient city is open from 08: 30 to 18: 30. You can visit the ancient city of Letoon, located 5 kilometres south of Xanthos. You can reach Xanthos from Antalya in 1 hour by car. You can find a bus from Antalya bus station to Kas. There are minibuses from the centre of Kas to Xanthos. As of the beginning of 2019, we will create separate videos for each destination on our YouTube account. If you subscribe to our channel, you will not miss our videos. In addition, we will soon share photos from our Pinterest and Facebook accounts. If you have any information you would like to add to the contents of this page, please contact us. Thank you in advance.